The World of Guitars


Guitars have been a cornerstone of music for centuries, offering a versatile and expressive instrument for musicians of all levels. From classical and acoustic guitars to electric and bass guitars, this guide will explore the history, types, playing techniques, and recommendations for guitars available in the Philippines.

1. The History of Guitars

Ancient Beginnings

  • Origin traced back to ancient civilizations such as the Egyptians and Greeks.
  • Early stringed instruments like the oud and lute influenced the development of modern guitars.

Evolution Through the Ages

  • The Renaissance period saw the development of the vihuela and early forms of the modern guitar.
  • The 19th century brought the refinement of the classical guitar by luthiers like Antonio Torres.

The Birth of the Electric Guitar

  • In the 1930s, the first electric guitars were introduced, revolutionizing music.
  • Pioneers like Les Paul and Leo Fender contributed to the iconic designs we know today.

2. Types of Guitars

Classical Guitar

  • Nylon strings, wide neck, used primarily for classical and flamenco music.
  • Known for its warm, mellow tone.

Acoustic Guitar

  • Steel strings, narrower neck, versatile for various genres including folk, rock, and pop.
  • Renowned for its rich, full sound.

Electric Guitar

  • Solid body, requires amplification, used in genres like rock, blues, and jazz.
  • Known for its distinctive, amplified tone and wide range of effects.

Bass Guitar

  • Four or five strings, used to provide the rhythmic foundation in music.
  • Essential in genres such as rock, funk, and jazz.

3. Playing Techniques

Basic Chords and Strumming

  • Understanding major and minor chords is essential for beginners.
  • Strumming patterns add rhythm and dynamics to playing.


  • Technique used in classical, folk, and country music.
  • Creates intricate and melodic lines.

Lead Guitar Techniques

  • Includes bends, slides, and hammer-ons/pull-offs.
  • Essential for soloing and creating expressive melodies.

4. Buying a Guitar in the Philippines

Considerations for Beginners

  • Look for a comfortable neck and body size.
  • Starter kits often include necessary accessories like tuners and gig bags.

Recommendations for Beginners

Yamaha C40 Classical Guitar

  • Affordable, reliable, and perfect for beginners.
  • Available at local music stores and online retailers.

Fender CD-60S Acoustic Guitar

  • Known for its quality and playability.
  • Widely available in the Philippines.

Intermediate and Advanced Options

Ibanez GRG121DX Electric Guitar

  • Great for rock and metal enthusiasts.
  • Offers excellent value for its features.

Taylor GS Mini Acoustic Guitar

  • Compact, high-quality sound, perfect for intermediate players.
  • Available through specialized music shops.

Accessories to Consider

  • Amplifiers: Essential for electric and bass guitars. Brands like Marshall and Roland are popular.
  • Pedals: Enhance your sound with effects like distortion, delay, and reverb. Boss and Electro-Harmonix are well-regarded brands.

5. Learning Resources

Online Tutorials and Courses

  • Websites like Guitar Tricks and JustinGuitar offer comprehensive lessons for all skill levels.
  • YouTube channels such as Marty Music provide free tutorials.

Local Music Schools

  • Many music schools in the Philippines offer guitar lessons, providing personalized instruction.

6. Maintenance and Care

Regular Cleaning

  • Wipe down strings and body after playing to prevent build-up of dirt and oils.

String Replacement

  • Change strings regularly to maintain sound quality.
  • Steel strings should be replaced every 3 months, while nylon strings can last up to 6 months.


  • Keep your guitar in a case when not in use to protect it from humidity and temperature changes.

Guitars are more than just instruments; they are gateways to musical expression and creativity. Whether you're a beginner looking for your first guitar or an advanced player seeking an upgrade, the Philippines offers a variety of options to suit your needs. With proper care and dedication, your guitar journey can be a rewarding and lifelong pursuit.

Common Questions Answered

How to string a guitar?

  • Loosen and remove the old strings.
  • Thread the new strings through the bridge.
  • Pull the strings through the tuning pegs and tighten.
  • Tune the guitar and stretch the strings to settle.

What is the best beginner guitar?

  • Acoustic guitars are often recommended.
  • Yamaha FG800 is a popular choice.
  • Fender CD-60S is also a good option.

How to tune a guitar by ear?

  • Start with the low E string using a reference note.
  • Tune the A string to match the 5th fret of the E string.
  • Tune the D string to match the 5th fret of the A string.
  • Tune the G string to match the 5th fret of the D string.
  • Tune the B string to match the 4th fret of the G string.
  • Tune the high E string to match the 5th fret of the B string.

What guitar should I buy?

  • Consider your budget and style of music.
  • For versatility, an acoustic-electric guitar is a good choice.
  • Brands like Fender, Yamaha, and Epiphone offer quality options.

How to play guitar chords?

  • Start with basic chords like G, C, D, and Em.
  • Place your fingers on the frets as shown in chord diagrams.
  • Strum the strings and adjust finger placement for clarity.

What is the easiest guitar to play?

  • Acoustic guitars with low action are easier for beginners.
  • Electric guitars with lighter strings are also easy to play.
  • Consider models like the Squier Affinity Stratocaster.

How to read guitar tabs?

  • Tabs are visual representations of the guitar neck.
  • Numbers indicate the fret to play on each string.
  • Lines represent the strings, with the bottom line as the low E string.

What guitar is best for blues?

  • Semi-hollow body electric guitars are great for blues.
  • Gibson ES-335 and Fender Stratocaster are popular choices.
  • Look for guitars with warm, smooth tones.

How to change guitar strings?

  • Remove the old strings by loosening them.
  • Thread the new strings through the bridge and tuning pegs.
  • Tighten and tune the strings.
  • Stretch the strings to ensure they stay in tune.

What guitar is best for country music?

  • Telecaster-style guitars are ideal for country.
  • Fender Telecaster is a classic choice.
  • Look for guitars with bright, twangy tones.

How to hold a guitar pick?

  • Hold the pick between your thumb and index finger.
  • Keep a firm grip but not too tight.
  • Angle the pick slightly for smooth strumming.

What is a guitar capo used for?

  • A capo clamps onto the neck of the guitar.
  • It raises the pitch of the strings.
  • Useful for changing key without altering finger positions.

How to clean a guitar?

  • Use a soft, dry cloth to wipe down the body and neck.
  • For deeper cleaning, use guitar-specific cleaning products.
  • Avoid using water or household cleaners.

What is a guitar pedal?

  • A pedal modifies the sound of the guitar.
  • Effects include distortion, delay, reverb, and more.
  • Used to enhance and diversify guitar tones.

How to practice guitar scales?

  • Start with basic scales like the pentatonic and major scales.
  • Practice slowly and gradually increase speed.
  • Use a metronome to maintain consistent timing.

What is a guitar truss rod?

  • A truss rod is a metal rod inside the guitar neck.
  • It adjusts the neck's curvature.
  • Used to maintain proper neck relief and action.

How to improve guitar speed?

  • Practice scales and exercises regularly.
  • Use a metronome to gradually increase tempo.
  • Focus on clean, accurate playing before increasing speed.

What is a guitar preamp?

  • A preamp amplifies the guitar's signal before it reaches the main amplifier.
  • It shapes the tone and boosts the signal.
  • Common in electric and acoustic-electric guitars.

How to learn guitar fast?

  • Practice consistently and focus on fundamentals.
  • Use online tutorials and lessons.
  • Break down songs into manageable sections.

What is a guitar nut?

  • The nut is a small piece of material at the top of the neck.
  • It guides the strings and maintains proper spacing.
  • Made from materials like plastic, bone, or graphite.